In the midst of the ongoing war for seven months, preparations have started to merge four areas of Ukraine with Russia. The four regions of Ukraine to be merged with Russia are Donetsk, Luhansk, Zaporizhia and Kherson. Recently, Russia had conducted a plebiscite in these areas and claimed that the people here want to come with Russia.
Russia’s Rashtrapati Bhavan Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that these four areas will be formally included during the Kremlin Ceremony. President Vladimir Putin will also attend this ceremony.
Earlier, President Putin declared Zaporizhia and Kherson as independent countries. According to the Russian news agency TASS, Putin has signed a document related to the independence of both regions. At the same time, Donetsk and Luhansk were declared independent countries two days before the start of the war with Ukraine.
What was the result of the referendum?
Russia held referendums in Donetsk, Luhansk, Zaporizhia and Kherson from 23 to 27 September. After this it is claimed that most of the people of the four regions have voted in favor of coming with Russia.
According to the news agency, it is claimed that 99.2% people in Donetsk, 98.4% in Luhansk, 93.1% in Zaporizhia and 87% in Kherson have voted in favor of going with Russia.
How important are the four regions for Russia?
Why is Donetsk and Luhansk important?
Donetsk and Luhansk border Russia’s northern border, while the eastern one lies in Ukraine. These are both important areas. The area formed by mixing these two is called Donbass. Russia had said only a few months after the war that its purpose was to liberate the Donbass.
Before the war broke out, 28% of Donetsk and 16% of Luhansk were occupied by Russian-backed separatists. Now the whole Donbass is being mixed in Russia. In Donetsk and Luhansk, conflict between separatists and the Ukrainian military has been going on since 2014.
35 lakh people live in Donbass. Of these, two million people live in Donetsk and 1.5 million in Luhansk. Donetsk and Luhansk are known for coal mining and steel production. The Donbass is a major industrial center and has Ukraine’s largest coal reserves.
Why is japorizia important?
Zaporizhia is a part of south-eastern Ukraine, situated on the Kniper River. According to the United Nations, 7.47 lakh population lives here.
Europe’s largest nuclear power plant and the world’s 9th largest nuclear power plant in Zaporizhia. It was made between 984 and 1995. There are 6 reactors here. Each reactor generates 950 MW of electricity, while the combined power generation is 5,700 MW. It generates 25 percent of Ukraine’s electricity.
Not only this, steel, aluminium, aircraft engines, transformers for automobile substations and many industrial goods are also made in Zaporizhia.
Why is Kherson important?
Kherson is connected by the Dnieper River and the Black Sea. This area is ahead in the construction of ships. About 3 lakh people live here.
From machine engineering to chemical production and small industries strengthen the economy here. There is Morsky port in Kherson, from where business of millions of dollars is done annually.
Kherson is also a very important area from the point of view of education. There are dozens of institutes providing higher education here. It is also home to Kherson Agricultural University and International University of Business and Law.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of Russia?
Advantage: Russia will occupy 90 thousand square kilometers i.e. 15% area of Ukraine. Ukraine’s Crimea has been with Russia since March 2014. Russia will occupy the southern and eastern regions of Ukraine, including Crimea and these four regions.
Disadvantages: In the war with Ukraine, Russia has caused terrible destruction in these four areas. The entire infrastructure has been destroyed here. It is estimated that 100 to 200 billion dollars will be spent to rebuild the infrastructure in the Donbass area alone.
What could happen next?
The merger of these four areas of Ukraine can further inflame the war. At the same time, the threat of Russia will increase. This will also reduce the chances of reducing the standoff in Russia-Ukraine.
With the departure of four big industrial cities, the dependence of European countries on Russia can increase further. Russia’s occupation of coal mines and power plants could lead to an energy crisis for Europe.
Was Crimea mixed like this?
In February 2014, conflict broke out between Russia and Ukraine. This conflict was sparked by protests in Ukraine against President Viktor Yanukovich. Yanukovich was a Russian-backed leader.
On 22 February 2014, Yanukovich fled the country. On February 27, the Russian army occupied Crimea.
In March 2014, a referendum was held in Crimea. It was claimed that 97 percent of the people voted in favor of joining Russia. On 18 March 2014, Crimea officially became part of Russia.