If you also feel dizzy while standing or sometimes suddenly feel faint but you do not understand the reason behind it. In this news, we will tell you why this condition comes and what effect it can have on the body. In fact, sudden vertigo can be caused by orthostatic and postural hypotension which is a condition of low blood pressure. This can sometimes happen due to a change in your posture.
However, according to Dr. Harikiran Chekuri, Medical Head, ClinicSpots Holistic Healthcare, dizziness lasting more than a few seconds can be a sign of serious illness. Vertigo can happen to anyone, but it is very common in people over 65 years of age as blood vessels weaken with age. Weak blood vessels mean that your brain cells are not getting enough oxygen and this condition can lead to dizziness and fainting.
Here we are telling you seven reasons for dizziness while standing, as well as will give you information about in which situation you should consult a doctor.
1. Standing up too fast
When you are standing, your heart has to work extra hard to pump blood throughout your body compared to your sitting or lying position. In fact your blood pressure naturally changes when you change position to maintain homeostasis. Homeostasis is a state of balance in the body that helps your body’s systems function properly. When your body is working in a certain position, sudden change of position can shock your system.
You will feel strange to hear that but sometimes in this condition your brain is not able to get blood for a moment and when you stand up your blood collects in the lower part of your body and it takes few seconds to adjust here. It may even take a minute. Until your blood starts flowing to the rest of your body, your blood pressure keeps on fluctuating due to which you feel dizzy.
If you have left the bed immediately then you may feel dizzy for a few moments on standing because here too your body takes time to adjust.
If you too often feel dizzy while standing, then in such a situation, give your body some time to balance. Take the support of a wall or sit somewhere. You can also move your head and hands up and down to normalize the blood flow. Apart from this, drink a glass of drink before getting down from the bed so that the flow of food can be good in your body. You can do this even before standing somewhere for a long time. However, to avoid the accumulation of blood and swelling in the legs, you should avoid standing for a long time.
2. Heat or dehydration conditions
If you do not drink enough water, especially when it is very hot, your body also gets hot. When the temperature of the environment around you increases, your blood pressure naturally decreases, which makes you feel dizzy. Staying hydrated helps in controlling your blood pressure and also reduces the chances of dizziness.
Alcohol damages your blood vessels and narrows them. This also affects the blood flow and your body has to work harder to keep the blood pressure normal. As a result, you may feel a little dizzy on standing. You can overcome this problem by drinking coffee. At the same time, if this happens to you again and again, then try not to drink alcohol on an empty stomach, because it can have a worse effect on your body. If you reduce the amount of alcohol or leave it at all, then you can avoid this situation.
As you start exercising, your muscles speed up the flow of blood to your heart. When you stop for a while, your blood starts trying to get back to your place. This puts pressure on your lungs and can make you feel slightly dizzy after standing or exercising. Exercising too hard can lead to problems like dizziness, nausea or blurred vision before your eyes. In this position, you sit somewhere for some time and let your heartbeat become normal. Drink plenty of water before exercising and keep drinking some water in between.
Some medicines can also cause dizziness on standing because they change your blood pressure. These include diuretics that increase urine, beta blockers used for diseases of the heart and blood vessels, ACE inhibitors used to control blood pressure. Talk to your doctor right away if you think your dizziness on standing is due to a medication you are taking but keep taking it until your doctor tells you to stop it. In the event of any disease, abruptly stopping the intake of medicines can harm the body.
6. Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS)
POTS is a more serious type of orthostatic intolerance. Orthostatic intolerance is a condition where you always feel faint or dizzy when you stand up. If you have POTS, your body cannot control your blood pressure on its own, so changes in body posture can cause dizziness for a long time.
Certain conditions related to blood pressure such as gastrointestinal (GI) disease, inner ear disease and hormonal changes can make you dizzy or faint on standing.
Apart from this, in diseases like heart, thyroid, diabetes, dementia, Parkinson’s disease, you can also get dizzy on standing because in these diseases blood pressure drops. In this situation you should contact your doctor. Other than this
In this situation go to the doctor
Amy Saro, of the Ear Institute of Michigan, US, says, if you are suffering from dizziness on standing for a long time and it is affecting your health or daily life, then you should contact the doctor. At the same time, you should also tell your doctor about dizziness after eating any disease or medicines. If you do not have any health condition but fainting after standing, headache or you always need support, then you should not take it lightly and go to the doctor immediately.
Apart from this, you should always consume plenty of water and a balanced diet in this condition which includes plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, you can walk, run or do any exercise for at least 15 minutes a day. This will improve your blood flow and will also give relief from the problem of frequent dizziness.